Situated in Central Siberia beyond the Arctic Circle in the Southern part of the Taymyr Peninsula, the Plateau has been declared a State Natural Reserve in 1980 and has been included in UNESCO World Heritage in 2010. Its name means in the Evenk language “Lake with steep shores”. Of volcanic origin it was formed millions of years ago by different layers of basalt and tuff following the eruption of an enormous volcano. Successive earth tremors lifted them and helped to the shaping of the mountains run through by sometimes very deep canyons. They are crossed by several waterfalls, rivers and thousands of lakes among which the longest ones can reach 150 km.
The Plateau hosts a big number of animal and vegetal species, namely the snow bighorn sheep threatened by extinction and included a few years ago in the list of endangered species.
Its exploration has started only in the second half of the XIX century. At the time the only inhabitants were the Dolgan and Evenk hunters, presently replaced by the rangers of the reserve. Not yet easily accessible because of the lack of roads, the region can be reached only by helicopter or by boat.